- Types of Biomass
- Energy conversion technology
- Farming Technology for Biomass
- Biomass in action
- Making Biomass a reality
ENERGY CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY
RAW MATERIALS GO IN. HOW DOES ENERGY COME OUT?
Growing energy crops, or collecting other raw materials is just the first step along the energy production road. The next stage is releasing the energy contained within that inert material, and harnessing it to produce power. This can be done on both an industrial scale in large power plants, or it can even take place on your own farm. How would you like to become energy independent, powering your own home, your own farm, even those of your neighbours’ or even your entire neighbourhood?
Combustible fuel. The simplest, and perhaps the most obvious use of biomass, is the burning of raw materials to release heat energy. Woodchips, maize, straw bales and maize stover can be burned as part of a carbon neutral cycle for domestic or district heating, or on an industrial scale by power stations to feed energy directly into the national grid.
Biogas. The famous domed ‘digestors’ gobble up virtually all forms of biomass material from agricultural energy crops, to starch crops and even arable crop residues, amongst others, ‘digest’ them and convert them into biogas which can be used for domestic heating, or burned to produce electricity which is then fed back into the national grid for use in homes across the continent.
Digestate. The nutrient rich digestate is a natural by product of anaerobic digestion and can be used as a manure or fertiliser to enrich next seasons’ growing biomass crops.
NH². This is also the first stage in the Energy Independent Farm cycle, which can use biogass to generate hydrogen for the NH2, the world’s only hydrogen power, zero-emissions tractor.
Bioethanol. Brazil has pioneered the use of bioethanol as a replacement for fossil fuelled cars. The process itself if quite straight forward. The sugar from sugar cane, sugar beet, cereal crops, and even from surplus wine, maize stover and miscanthus, is converted into cellular energy and used to produce ethanol. This is then used in place of, or as an addition to, standard fuels to power vehicles.
Biodiesel. New Holland pioneered the use of biodiesel in 2006, and currently has the largest range of B100, 100% biodiesel compliant products. Moreover, all Tier 4A products which use ECOBlue™ SCR technology can use 20%, B20, biodiesel as long as the biodiesel blend fully complies with EN14214:2009 regulations. So, how do you feel about making your own fuel? It’s simple enough! Oilseed rape can be transformed into the diesel you put into your tank. Cold pressed oil is higher quality, while hot pressed produces the greatest quantity. The choice is yours. Moreover, all modern diesel blends contain between 5-10% biodiesel anyway.